Before breaking down the benefits of pre-fabricated material in Construction, it is important to take a look at how ‘pre-fabrication evolved over the past years. The boom in the demand for ‘pre-fabrication took over on-site material formation after the second world war. Pre-fabrication means the development of materials offshore from the construction site and then, is transported to the construction site.
The major five advantages of pre-fabricated material in Construction are:
In confined spaces, the process of construction can become cumbersome especially, with no pre-fabricated materials. Performing both construction work and producing construction materials in the same space can lead to poor results. This can reflect on the quality of the construction project which can cause personal and/ or economical risk. But with the use of pre-fabrication materials, the construction space becomes clutter-free giving more space to the movement of professionals and the resources. It has been stated repeatedly that prefabrication yields higher results than on-site material production with quality incorporated workmanship.
This may come across as unfit for the advantages of the pre-fabricated materials because the on-site construction sites cut down the transportation time. But we have to view this advantage when the time has a higher priority than cost. To put it simply, when the construction is bound with a deadline, pre-fabricated materials offer a greater alternative. It offers a program saving – a parallel working while other works of the project can continue, and the project can be completed in a reserved time.
The limited room in the on-site construction sites automatically reduces the space for storage. The lack (or improper setting) of storage can deteriorate the quality of the construction material and eventually yield unsuccessful results. With pre-fabricated materials, the space for storage is available, making the construction material resistant to bad weather conditions.
When the construction materials are prefabricated, they clear room for more activity in the construction site. Pre-fabrication enables specialized spaces for different functions, leading to a more decentralized and highly effective plan of working. This also results in less waste in the site for pre-fabrication because the leftover materials can be reused and recycled.
The construction sites are already equipped with heavy machinery, taking precautionary measures while dealing with them. With a pre-fabricated set-up ready, the work is divided, and it helps in making the space safer for work.
The advantages of prefabrication are clear with higher quality production and more safety. In all these lanes, pre-fabricated materials for construction make a good choice. But in terms of cost-efficiency, pre-fabricated materials can prove to be expensive. Primarily, because they have to be transported through vehicles from the factories to the sites. These transportation costs are directly proportional to the size of the heavy vehicles and the distance to be covered between the two sites. The State authorities demarcate maximum load capacities and limitations for the movement of the materials, special care has to be paid at these aspects. In addition to these set-ups, the sustainability and risk of mass-production have also to be taken care of.